The post-disco era of the music
The ’80s was considered the post-disco era of the music industry and developed upon the synth-pop genre that became more prominent as electronic music software became more sophisticated. The European music industry made electronic dance music more mainstream as technology advanced; synthesizers and drum beats were used more frequently, and different innovations such as MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) made it easier for electronic instruments to communicate through the computer system. These electronic synths were very commonly used in many popular 80’s songs such as “Take on Me” by a-ha and “Don’t You Forget about Me” which was featured in the hit movie The Breakfast Club. As technology progressed, the equipment required to produce EDM became more accessible and transferrable. Rather than having giant synthesizers that could take up the whole space of a room, these synthetic instruments could easily be inputted to the computer using a small physical interface such as a MIDI input keyboard, that allowed producers to play in the rhythms and melodies that they needed for the song, rather than having to individually program each note. It became easier to utilize these sounds in different musical compositions, and many producers were more inclined to produce EDM because of the high demand for upbeat music during that era. The ’90s birthed many of the subgenres of EDM that lovers of the genre would recognize today. House, techno, hard style, dub, drum and bass, and trance were all developed as subgenres that propelled EDM into the mainstream music industry specifically in Europe. Each genre has very distinctive sounds -for example, trance music is defined to have a slower tempo around 100 to 115 bpm, with longer melodic phrases that alternate between dissonance (a clashing of harmonies that creates tension) and consonance (a resolution of the tones to a nicely blended chord), however, hard style electro music is characterized by an overdriven kick drum and very fast-paced tempos- yet they all fall under the synthetic/electronic music genre that many DJ’s liked to use in their set lists. The night club and rave scene grew in popularity and became the main source of consumption for both popular and underground EDM records. In the United States, Detroit introduced “Detroit techno” which included Mayday’s song “Strings of Life” which maintains its reputation as a defining record in the techno music genre. 90’s EDM had a lot of hip hop influence, incorporating syncopated beats (also known as break beats). Syncopated beats put more emphasis on the unaccented or “upbeats” of a rhythm which gives the song a more “bouncy” feeling that is utilized in songs such as “Can’t Touch This” by MC Hammer or “No Diggity” by Backstreets. However, these songs also had a heavy focus on bass frequencies that are commonly emphasized in today’s mainstream electronic dance music. The Trance Christian electronic dance music is the best described as a mixture of 60s psyche Delia and 70s disco Trance music genre of Christian electronic dance music is divided into some different subgenres such as classic trance, Progressive trance, acid trance, and uplifting trance.